Your circulatory system relies on nearly 100,000 miles of blood vessels to deliver oxygen and nutrients throughout your body. While the blood-flow through your arteries is powered by the pumping of your heart, the veins directing blood back to your heart and lungs rely on a series of one-way valves. These valves defy the pull of gravity to keep your circulatory system functioning efficiently.
In healthy veins, these valves close completely to keep your blood from flowing downward towards your feet. When valves malfunction due to defect or disease, they can eventually cause a significant amount of discomfort and distress. Left untreated, vein disease can lead to a number of chronic health complications, including venous stasis ulcers.
Venous stasis ulcers are painful, slow-healing sores on the leg that occur from backwards blood flow in the veins of the limb. They typically occur on the lower part of the leg at or above the onside of the ankle when blood pools and can’t pump back to the heart, a condition known as chronic venous insufficiency.
In some cases, venous stasis ulcers can lead to serious complications, such as necrosis or severe ulceration. Fortunately, there are treatments for venous insufficiency that can prevent the future development of venous ulcers.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) happens when a thrombus, or blood clot, occurs in one or more of the deep veins in your body. While a DVT can form in other areas, they most commonly occur in the legs.
Though DVT typically causes leg pain or swelling, instances may also occur without symptoms, making them much harder to detect. DVT usually develops as the result of medical conditions that affect the way the blood clots or as a result of sitting for extended periods of time.
Left untreated, a DVT blood clot can break off and travel to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism, which is life-threatening. It can also lead to complications in the legs, such as post-thrombotic syndrome and chronic venous insufficiency.
Fortunately, a DVT is preventable, and it is treatable if discovered early.
Varicose veins and spider veins are unsightly and uncomfortable conditions that affect many people, and, in the case of varicose veins, they can lead to serious complications. To help alleviate the symptoms of varicose veins, you may consider laser or surgical procedures that are designed to relieve pressure on the veins and promote better circulation.
Fortunately, there are many different types of vein treatments to choose from, and they can all be performed on-site at a vein treatment clinic. The recovery time is minimal as well, so you’re able to return to your normal routine in no time.
If you’re considering vein treatment, take a look at this guide to vein conditions, vein treatments and what to expect before, during and after your surgery.
Also known as Willis-Ekbom Disease, Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) is a condition that’s characterized by unpleasant and uncomfortable sensations in the legs and an uncontrollable urge to move them. Restless leg syndrome has many possible causes, including venous disease, and effective treatment revolves around managing the symptoms to improve quality of life. So, if you’re suffering from RLS and are diagnosed with an underlying venous disease, there is hope for treatment and relief of symptoms.
While the severity may differ between affected individuals, most patients report symptoms that occur in the late afternoon to evening hours, with the worst effects occurring at night when the patient is resting. This can also occur when the patient is inactive or sitting for long periods of time, such as on a road trip.
Because the condition worsens during the night, RLS can cause sleep disturbances and difficulty returning to sleep after arousal. In many cases, moving the legs or walking can temporarily relieve the discomfort, but the sensations return once the movement stops.
RLS is classified as a sleep disorder, due to the symptoms being triggered by resting and worsening in the evening, and a movement disorder, since patients are forced to move in an effort to relieve discomfort. Though these classifications apply, RLS best fits the category of neurological-sensory disorder, since the symptoms and underlying condition are caused by the brain.